Frequently Asked Questions

General Questions

Our Replica plants and leaves are made from a thicker fabric and a heavier gauge wire, so they hold their shape better. The leaves are sealed with a polyurethane coating so they repel and resist dust and the coating doesn’t allow the dust or the spill of a soda or coffee to penetrate into the fabric. This also makes them easier to clean. We also offer the Inherently Fire Retardant option.

This depends on where your plants/trees are installed; generally, we recommend cleaning every 3-4 months depending on the amount of dust or air circulation. More frequent cleaning makes the process easier.

This will depend on the type of tree it is and how large it is. Palms up to 10 feet tall can be installed without any equipment in approximately 30-45 minutes per tree. 10–20 foot trees require a ladder and approximately an hour per tree to assemble. Trees reaching heights above 20 feet require a mechanical lift, and installation time averages an hour to an hour and a half per tree. If a steel base-plate is used and bolt holes need to be drilled, add an extra 30 minutes to an hour per tree.

Replica trees up to 10 feet tall are shipped as one piece and only need to be placed into the decorative pot, requiring approximately 15 minutes per tree. Some, but not all Replica trees over 10 feet are broken down into individual trunks to facilitate shipping and will require the trunks to be set back into the PVC or steel ”collars” that are secured into the nursery pot by sliding the trunks down inside the collar and sliding the through bolt back through the collar and trunk of the tree and then securing the nut on the end of the bolt. They are color coded for easy identification as to which trunk fits into which collar. There will also be wiring in the canopy of the tree that needs to be attached. It takes approximately 1 hour to assemble a tree of this size.

Fabricated trees under 10 feet in diameter will come as one piece and will only require a few minutes to install. However, most fabricated trees will require assembly by one of our trained technicians. The time needed for this will vary for each job.

Commercially foliated trees have 30% more foliage than standard and are slightly larger in diameter. With Reed and Sanseveria, commercial has 30% more product per square foot than standard.

Standard Foliation can be used for budgetary reasons, or when a tree is going into a corner or dark area, or when you want an airy look, or if you have a group of trees and the foliage density feeds off of the other trees. Commercial foliation is for a tree that stands alone, or is up against a window or high light; each leaf is backlit and it can look sparse if not fully foliated.

Quite often our trees are designed with integrated usage which includes everything from lighting, speakers, security cameras, monitors, misting systems. We can even design treehouses to hold children at play, add secret cupboards or dispense your favorite beverage. Our trees have also been used as support to hold signage, awnings and hammocks.

Treeproductions™ Replica Products
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At International Treescapes, we choose to call our plants Replica rather than “silk” because fabric plants have not typically been made of silk fabrics for many years. The majority are currently made from mainly polyester fabrics and many have polyurethane coatings, so truth in advertising says it all. We call them Replica, as the term replicated represents products that duplicate, copy or reproduce something from nature.

Replica foliage is made for interior use and is not as waterproof or UV resistant as exterior material. Replica foliage is usually IFR whereas exterior is not (although most exterior materials can be obtained IFR if there is a sufficient quantity to warrant a custom batch of the material). Replica foliage is for indoor use only whereas exterior foliage is designed for outdoor use, but could be used indoors if desired, and would be especially beneficial in areas that have intense sun.

Although both have fabric leaves, fabricated trees have trunks and branches manufactured from manmade materials, while replica trees have natural trunks, grown by Mother Nature herself.

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Preserved Products
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It is important to remember that the plant tissue is still natural, organic plant material. The tissue has microscopic openings in the surface called stomata; they are like the pores of human skin. Even in a preserved state there is interaction between the surrounding ambient air and the plant tissue through stomata. Do not expose preserved foliage to too much or too little moisture in the air as well as temperature extremes. The recommended environment is temperature not exceeding 85 degrees Fahrenheit (30 degrees centigrade) and relative humidity between 30% and 80%.

This depends a lot on the environment where the plants are installed. Preserved plants react to environmental conditions such as heat, light and humidity in a very similar manner to live plants. If a plant is in a stable environment without excess heat, light or humidity, preserved plants can last for 8 years or longer. The trunks are usually more durable than the foliage. Quite often just the preserved foliage can be replaced making the plant look brand new again.

We suggest planning and budgeting to replace 1/3 of the foliage on each palm every 3 years, unless your fronds are subject to more sun or abuse, in which case you can increase the percentage. Incorporate the replacement with the cleaning of the fronds and move the older fronds to the bottom of the tree, disposing of the more damaged or faded fronds, and be sure to put all the new fronds at the top center of the tree and it will look just as Mother Nature intended. The new growth will be on the top and the older more worn fronds at the bottom. This allows for a consistent and natural look while at the same time maintaining a steady budget rather than waiting until the trees look completely worn and then having a large expenditure to replace them all at once.

The primary issue with putting preserved products outside is humidity. Preserved products react to the environment in a similar manner to live plants. If the air is humid, the leaves will absorb more moisture from the air than the cells in the leaves can hold and some solution may eventually leak out. The leaves also become very heavy and will soften and droop. Even though an area is protected, the humidity will probably be very high at night and there will eventually be problems. Other reasons are sunlight, which will cause the leaves to fade quickly and wind, which will damage the leaves.

Anywhere from 3-30 lbs per foot, depending on the species.

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Fabricated Products
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They are surprisingly lighter weight than they appear. A 10 foot high tree with an 8 foot canopy and a 3-5 inch diameter trunk is less than 200 lbs, while an 18 foot high tree with a 20 foot diameter canopy and an 18 inch diameter trunk will weigh just over 600 lbs.

Although both have fabric leaves, Fabricated trees have trunks and branches manufactured from manmade materials, while Replica trees have natural trunks, grown by Mother Nature herself.

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Exterior Products
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Exterior palms’ trunks are good for 15 years and longer, but the fronds that need to be replaced every 6-8 years or more on Giants and 3-5 years on Standards, depending on the amount of sun, wind and exposure to the elements they get, such as salt spray from the ocean, or sand blasted from wind storms in the desert areas. Exterior flowering material is more fragile and can last between 3-5 years with exposure to the elements being a mitigating factor.

Replica foliage is made for interior use and is not as waterproof or UV resistant as Exterior material. Replica foliage is usually Inherently Fire Retardant whereas Exterior is not (although most Exterior  materials can be obtained Inherently Fire Retardant if there is a sufficient quantity to warrant a custom batch of the material). Replica foliage is for indoor use only whereas Exteiror foliage is designed for outdoor use but could be used indoors if desired, and would be especially beneficial in areas that have intense sun.

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Bolting Your Tree
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This depends upon the height and type of tree being installed but usually a 5 – 6 inch embed depth is sufficient for interior trees. Larger bolts would be needed for exterior applications. The bolts need to come out approximately 3 inches above the concrete for the nuts and washers. Excess length can be cut off afterwards if necessary.

The concrete should be at least 3 inches deeper than the embed depth.

Our base plate details are not wet stamped. We wet stamp, as requested and for a fee, on a project specific basis. We include actual site conditions, particular tree specifications and a project title block on wet stamped trees.

Trees that have a cantilever or are taller than 20 feet will require a base plate and bolting.

This will vary depending on the type of plant and the location where it is going, but generally we recommend a base plate for material that is 15 feet or taller.

Because factors such as soil type, earthquake zones and wind loads vary from area to area, this information needs to be determined by a soils or structural engineer in your area.

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